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Contraception Methods

Short Acting Methods

The Pills

This is a hormonal method of contraception with 91% effectiveness for typical use. The tablet which is usually small is taken by the woman every day at the same time. The pills does not protect against STIs.

Condom

This is a barrier method of contraception that also protects against STIs. There are female and male condoms with 79% and 82% effectiveness respectively if used properly. Condoms are affordable and widely available.

Contraceptive Ring

This is a hormonal method of contraception with 91% effectiveness. The flexible plastic ring is placed in the vagina by the woman every month. It does not protect against STIs.

Contraceptive Patch

This is a hormonal method of contraception with 91% effectiveness. The patch adheres to the skin and releases hormones that prevent pregnancy. Patch is to be used every week. Contraceptive patch does not prevent against STIs.

Contraceptive Injection

This is a hormonal contraceptive method with 94% effectiveness. The injection can protect against pregnancy for up to 3 months. It does not prevent STIs.

Diaphragm

This is a barrier method with 88% effectiveness. It is worn by the woman for a maximum duration of 24 hours to prevent sperm from entering the womb.

Cervical Cap

This is a barrier method with 84% effectiveness. It is worn by the woman for a maximum duration of 48 hours to prevent sperm from entering the womb.

Sponge

This is a barrier method that also releases spermicides thereby preventing sperm from entering the womb and fertilizing an egg. It is 76% effective with a regimen of maximum of 30 hours.

Spermicides

This is a chemical method of contraception that makes it hard for sperm to move freely and fertilize an egg in the womb. It has 72% effectiveness and it’s to be used every time.
Contraception Methods

Long Acting Reversible Methods

Intrauterine Systems (IUS)

This is a very highly effective (up to 99%), long-acting reversible contraception method. It can protect against pregnancy for up to 5 years. It does not protect against STIs.

Intrauterine Device (IUD)

This is a very highly effective (up to 99%), long-acting reversible contraception method. It can protect against pregnancy for up to 10 years. It does not protect against STIs.

Contraceptive Implant

This is a very highly effective (up to 99%), long-acting reversible hormonal contraception method. It can protect against pregnancy for up to 5 years. It does not protect against STIs.
 
Contraception Methods

Other Methods

Withdrawal Method

This is a natural method of contraception where the man withdraws his penis from the vagina before ejaculating. It is 78% effective and does not protect against STIs.

Fertility Awareness

This is a natural contraception method of having sex only on non-fertile days of the menstrual cycle. It is 76% effective and does not protect against STIs.

Sterilization

This is a permanent method of completely preventing pregnancy through surgery. Either male or female spouse can utilize this option. It is 99% effective and does not protect against STIs.

Emergency Contraceptives (ECs)

These are hormonal pills to be used in an event of unprotected sex. Time is an important factor in the effectiveness of ECs and it does not protect against STIs. (Please report any form of rape or sexual assault to your healthcare provider immediately for adequate help).

 
Vital Information

Note

Please note that none of the information provided above can substitute for the need for consulting your healthcare provider for counselling in making an informed decision. always remember, it’s your health, your choice and your future.

Be wise!

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